GUM SURGERIES

Gum Surgeries

DENTAL GUM SURGERIES

Healthy gums are the foundation for your teeth, much like the foundation for your house. Healthy gums provide the support needed for your teeth to function as they should. Having unhealthy gums is like having termites in the foundation of your house. To the untrained eye everything seems fine, but progressive and often irreversible damage is being done.

Healthy gums

  • Are light pink in color (darker for people with darker complexions)
  • Are stippled, much like the surface of an orange
  • Are not tender or swollen
  • Don't bleed when brushing or flossing
  • Visible pus surrounding the teeth and gums

Gum ailment is an irritation of the gum line that can advance to influence the bone that encompasses and backings your teeth. The three phases of gum malady from minimum to most serious — are gingivitis, periodontists, and propelled periodontists.Gingival overgrowths can be corrected by surgeries. Periodontically weaken mobile teeth are made firm by doing gingival flap surgeries.

Signs & Symptoms

  • Swollen, red, tender or bleeding gums
  • Gums that recede or move away from the tooth
  • Persistent bad breath or bad taste in mouth
  • Loose teeth
  • Visible pus surrounding the teeth and gums

Types of Gum Surgery

1. Gingival Flap Surgery – If pockets are greater than 5 millimeters in depth, the periodontist would conduct this procedure to reduce the periodontal pockets that were noted in a patients chart. Most patients who have been diagnosed with moderate to severe periodontists would go through this procedure. The periodontist would cut the gum tissue to separate the gum tissue from the teeth, conduct a thorough deep cleaning with an ultrasonic scaling device as well as hand instruments to remove tartar, plaque and biofilm below the pockets.

2. Gingivectomy – This procedure is conducted to remove excess gum tissue that may be overgrown on the teeth to provide a better area to clean the teeth. The periodontist would numb the patients gum tissue and cut and eliminate the extra gum tissue in the mouth.

3. Gingivoplasty – This type of gum surgery is used to reshape healthy gum tissue around the teeth to make them look better. If a person has tooth recession where the gum is pushed away from the tooth, a gingivoplasty can be done. A gum graft can be done where the tissue is taken from the roof of the mouth (this is called a graft) and then stitched into place on either side of the tooth that is recessed.

After gum surgery, it is important that the periodontist or dental hygienist inform you how to clean the teeth and gum tissue with a toothbrush and an antimicrobial fluoride toothpaste, floss, and antibacterial mouth rinse.